Urban Public Transportation Systems
The integration of travel in sea and land both in itself and intersystem are very important.
So, for integration between types, transshipment center, waiting areas and ring areas should be in suitable distance and accessible.
The most important factors in transportation range as accessibility, frequency, punctuality, voyage time, comfort, charging and customer satisfaction.
Sea Systems that provides transportation between within city center and city center and surrounding cities can be used as an alternative. Here, accessible connections and suitable routes for passenger and vehicle transportation can only be achieved through accurate planning.
Rail System Transportation
Rubber Wheel System Transportation
Here, what is important is the optimization of vehicles such as municipality buses, public bus, minibus, rural area vehicles , taxi dolmush. Arriving and departing travels to city and in the city, which is our target group should be transferred suitably. Here the target is transportation of passengers from desired place to desired place optimumly. Acceptable walking distances, travels that need transfer intersystems and homogenous should be acceptable extent.
They are the vehicles of different sizes and capacities that are directly owned by the local governments. Route planning should be done considering the social benefits. Otherwise, a city and unhappy mass of passengers and vehicle owners will be formed in the city.
In the supervision of the local administrations, It is only in the structure of the private sector cooperatives, the company etc. and it carries passengers in the city. Here important thing is that the passenger must be transported within the desired standard and conditions, as well as the operator should be able to carry on the transaction in a suitable economic structure.
Minibuses operating in accordance with local governments operate with low passenger capacity and generally in accordance with the variable tariff, which stands out from the standpoint of random passenger demand. Other systems of minibuses are more beneficial in those areas where supporting and geometry are particularly inadequate, and such arrangements should be made.
Depending on the local governments, they operate at different capacities and operate according to the occupancy of the car, and there is no mention of the frequency or minute of travel. It mainly works according to the passenger between start and end stop.